||It was the Okinawan Master
Kanryo Higaonna (1853-1915) through his intensive studies in Fuzhou, China
(Fujian province, 1867-1881), who laid the foundation for what would
become Goju-Ryu Karate-Do. Kanryo Higaonna set sail for the city of Fuzhou
in the autumn of 1867, when he was 15, and settled in the Okinawan
community known as the Ryukyu Kan, an area compromising a microcosm of
Okinawan life. Kanryo Higaonna was eager to study the Chinese martial arts
and was introduced to the Chinese Master Ryu Ryu Ko. The devotion of
Kanryo Higaonna was such that he eventually became Ryu Ryu Ko's,
uchi-deshi (senior student), learning his entire martial system. He also
studied weapons, and traditional Chinese medicine. It is not exactly clear
in what year Kanryo Higaonna began teaching the martial arts in Okinawa,
but it is known that he did not begin teaching until a few years after his
return from China. He had many notable students and eventually his
most dedicated student, Chojun Miyagi, succeeded him as the leading Master
of Naha-te (Chinese or Okinawa hands).
Miyagi (1888-1953) is the founder of today's Goju-Ryu Karate-Do; he was
responsible for taking the Naha-te of his teacher and formulating it into
his own martial arts system. Miyagi was Kanryo Higaonna's most
talented student and his chosen heir. Miyagi came from a wealthy family of
ship owners who imported medicines from China and supplied them to the
royal family, the government and leading Okinawan trading houses.
the death of Higaonna Kanryo, Miyagi, dedicated himself full-time with the
study of martial arts. Miyagi traveled to Fuzhou. Back on Okinawa, Miyagi
became friends with two tea-merchants from Fuzhou Wu Xianhui and Tang
Daiji. Both merchants were famous martial arts teachers. Wu Xianhui
(1886-1940) came to Naha in 1912 to teach White Crane Kung Fu. Tang
Daiji (1887-1937) a Tiger Boxing (Hu Quan) master who also emigrated from
Fuzhou to Naha.
dedicated his whole life to the development of what was called Toudi- Jutsu (
China hand art) or simply 'te' on Okinawa. In 1921, Crown-Prince Hirohito
visited Okinawa and witnessed a demonstration of Naha-te by Chojun Miyagi.
In 1925 Miyagi demonstrated the style for prince Chichibu-Nomiya and, in 1926,
founded the Okinawa Karate Kenkyu-Kai (Okinawa Karate Research Club) together
with Chomo Hanashiro (Shuri-te), Choyu Motobu (Tomari-te) and Kenwa Mabuni. One
year later, Chojun Miyagi demonstrated to Jigoro Kano (the founder of Judo),
grappling, locking and throwing techniques and the correct use of
1933, Chojun Miyagi registered his Toudi-Jutsu officially as Goju-Ryu at the
prestigious Dai Nippon Butokukai, (All Japan Martial Arts Association). Miyagi,
recognized by the Ministry of Physical Education for his art, received the
highest honor of the Dai Nippon Butokukai and was appointed representative to
the Butokukai department for Okinawa. Goju-Ryu Karate-Do was the first and the
oldest karate-tradition recognized by the Dai Nippon Butokukai and the founder,
Chojun Miyagi, was awarded significant accolades.
||Gogen Yamaguchi (1909-1989) was
born Jitsumi Yamaguchi on January 20,1909. In 1930, Yamaguchi
and his instructor Sensei Jitsuei Yogi, were the primary cofounders of the
Ritsumei-Kan Dai-Gaku Karate Kenkyu Kai, the first Karate club at Ritsumei-Kan
University. Soon the dojo became famous in the city, known for it's hard
training. In those days karate men practiced only kata (formal
movements) and yakusoku kumite (prearranged sparring) and were
unable to have matches between each other since they did not hold back
their techniques. It was during this period that Yamaguchi created the
first stages towards what is known as jiyu kumite (free fighting)
and established rules to decide the winner of a match. Some of the rules
are still in use today in what is known as sport or competition
karate. In 1928 Chojun Miyagi visited Japan to teach his
style of karate. He had taught in the Judo Club of Kyoto University in
which Yamaguchi attended. He came back to teach in Japan on other
occasions, and in 1931, Gogen Yamaguchi was introduced to him. In
1937, he was entrusted by Master Chojun Miyagi with the task of
popularizing and developing Goju-Ryu Karate-do on the Japanese
mainland. Yamaguchi continued his relationship with Miyagi through
and short instructional visits by Miyagi while touring Japan. Master
Yamaguchi succeeded in uniting many karate schools in Japan into a single union
which resulted in the formation of The Federation of All Japan Karate-do
Organization (F.A.J.K.O.) in 1964. The Kokusai Budo Renmei (The International
Martial Arts Federation) in Japan, whose chairman was Prince Higashikuni of the
Japanese Imperial Family appointed Master Yamaguchi as Shihan (Master) of the
organization’s karate division. He added to the Japanese Goju system other
kata, including the Taikyoku forms, - training methods for the beginner students
to prepare them for the more advanced kata. "The Cat" is
Yamaguchi's nickname. There are several reasons given for this, such as his long
hair, which resembles a lion's mane, his movements which resemble those of a
cat, or his use of the cat stance in sparring. Yamaguchi himself explained it to
interviewer Rolland Gaillac, of the French magazine "Karate" (April
1977 edition), in the following words: "Even today, young man, if you were
to face me in combat, I would be able to determine in a second the strength of
your Ki. Immediately I would know if you were a good opponent. It is this
quality, and no other, which has given me the name of The Cat."
||In 1953 Peter Urban (August 14,
1934 - April 7, 2004) was a young sailor when he was introduced to karate
in Yokohama, Japan. After training for one year with Sensei Richard Kim,
Peter Urban traveled to Tokyo and was introduced to Gogen Yamaguchi. He
was accepted as a student of Gogen Yamaguchi. In 1957, Peter Urban opened
a small Dojo in Tokyo, Japan, and he competed in the all-Japan College
Championships that same year. In 1959, Sensei Urban moved to America, and
opened his first American Dojo in Union City, New Jersey. Sensei
Urban was reportedly one of the men responsible for establishing
structured tournaments in America, with one of the first being the North
American Karate Championships in 1962 held at Madison Square Garden.
In the early 1970s, Sensei Urban returned to Japan to ask Gogen Yamaguchi
for permission to establish in America a karate system separate from
Japan's. Yamaguchi refused, saying the rules of Bushido stated that no
white man could achieve Nirvana. Urban, dissatisfied with the
decision, retorted that these same rules stated that Japan could never
lose a war. This statement offended the Sensei Yamaguchi. Realizing this
and not meaning any disrespect, Sensei Urban prepared to follow samurai
custom and cut off his pinky finger in apology to his sensei. Yamaguchi's
oldest son stopped him from doing this; however, the damage was done.
Seeing this as a turning point, Urban returned to America and incorporated
himself as the founder of American Goju. USA GoJu is an eclectic
synthesis of the education, training, and
of Sensei Peter Urban. There are three primary influences of USA GoJu. Chogun
Miyagi, the Founder of Goju-Ryu Karate, Gogen Yamaguchi - the Founder of the
first GoJu Karate School in Japan and Peter Urban - founder of the USA GoJu
Karate System, he was a student of the following martial arts Masters Gogen
Yamaguchi, Richard Kim, and Mas Oyama. Although his style of USA GoJu/Urban GoJu
is closely related to that of Yamaguchi's Japanese GoJu Ryu, Sensei Urban
infused several styles of Karate together to form USA GoJu Karate. He was the
10th Dan Grand Patriarch of all USA GoJu systems. He is the father of the
American GoJu Karate in America. He is also responsible for the development of
several Martial Arts systems throughout the world.
||Master John Austino Sr.
was born in 1947 in Vineland, New Jersey.
He began his karate training in 1979 under Master Ric Pascetta. He
also trained under Phil Maldonato and Grand Master Peter Urban. He trained
with Grand Master Urban until his death in 2004. In 1982 he opened his first karate school in
Williamstown, New Jersey. He produced top rated students who competed both
locally and nationally. Master
Austino competed both nationally and internationally as well. From 1985 to
1988 Sensei Austino was a dominate force in the United Martial Arts Referees
Association Senior’s Division where he won Senior Division championships
in 1987 and 1988. From 1983 to 1989 Sensei Austino was a licensed
Professional Boxing Manager and a licensed corner person. He also was a boxing
sparring partner for middleweight Jamming Johnny Miller. From 1994 to 1995 he was
the U.M.A.R.A. New Jersey Director. During
that time he served as the rules committee chairman, and served on the committee
for certification of center referees.
2006 he received his instructor’s certification in the Monadnock Defensive
Tactics System from the Monadnock Police Training Council. During that time he
assisted Master john Austion, Jr. in training New Jersey Public school security
forces in that system. He attended the Academy Of Enforcement Agents and was
certified under Pennsylvania’s Lethal Weapons Training Act. He also became
certified in CDT, Non Deadly Force Techniques, Level One.
||Master John R. Austino, Jr., was
born in 1965 in Bridgeton, NJ. He began his karate training in 1982 and
has trained under Masters John Austino, Sr., Phil Maldonato, Ric Pascetta,
and Maestro Peter Urban, under whom he received his black belt
certification. Master Austino is a police officer for the State of
New Jersey Division of Youth and Family Services
(DYFS). He started his law
enforcement career in 1993 with the Vineland, NJ Police Department. He
is a Defensive Tactics Instructor. In 1995 he was instrumental in
developing a Defensive Tactics program for the Vineland Police Department
and Police Academy. In 1995 he completed SWAT I and II level
training with the Los Angeles Police Department. From 1995 to 2000
he was a member of the Vineland SWAT Team. In 1998 he received
certification in GRAPLE - Gracie Resisting Attack Procedures for law
Enforcement under direct instruction of Royce Gracie. From
1995 to 2003 he has certified over 500 police recruits in Defensive
Tactics, Handcuffing and Baton training. In 2003 he transferred to
the State of New Jersey Human Services Police Department and in 2005
helped to develop a Defensive Tactics program for the State of New Jersey
Human Services Police Department.
Ki GoJu Ryu is a branch school of Austino's Karate Do. Master
Cianelli has studied under Master's Austino, Sr. and Jr. since 1992.
Clenched Fist insignia by which
USA Goju Ryu is identified.
While most karate styles teach the use of hard blocks and hard
strikes, GoJu teaches the hard style but also emphasizes the “Soft”
style. It is a style that is
compatible for both men and women, young and old.
GoJu Ryu (剛柔流),
(Japanese for "hard-soft style") is one of the main traditional
Okinawan styles of karate, featuring a combination of hard and soft
techniques. Both principles, hard and soft, come from the famous martial
arts book Bubishi, used by Okinawan masters during the 19th and 20th
centuries. Go which means hard, refers to closed hand techniques or
straight linear attacks; Ju which means soft, refers to open hand
techniques and circular movements.
emphasis is given to breathing correctly. Goju Ryu practices methods that
include body strengthening and conditioning, its basic approach to fighting
(distance, stickiness, power generation, etc.), and partner drills. It
incorporates both circular and linear movements into its curriculum and combines
hard striking attacks such as kicks and close hand punches with softer open hand
circular techniques for attacking, blocking, and controlling the opponent,
including locks, grappling, takedowns and throws.
"Do not be struck by others, do not strike others, and avoid
trouble at all costs". This
teaching is an essence of Goju-Ryu Karate-Do.
In other words, after acquiring physical strength, one's attitude towards
life should be the pursuits of a tranquil existence and an unfettered mind.
This state of peaceful coexistence between body and mind can be achieved
only after rigorous training and tireless efforts on the part of the student of
Karate, can benefit men, women and children.
Through rigorous training Goju-Ryu Karate will develop strength,
quickness, balance, and coordination. At
the same time Goju-Ryu will increase one's ability to concentrate, increase
one's ability to focus leading to self-discipline, and
self-control. Regular training will enhance
circulation and digestion, help reduce back and joint problems, and help relieve
(Ancient Weapon Arts) is the study of "weapons". "Weapons
way" a generic term coined in the 20th century, which can be used to
describe collectively all Okinawan weapon combatives. However, it is more accurate to specify "Okinawan Kobudo"
in order to distinguish it from "Japanese Kobudo."
At Tsuru Ki you will learn the weapons of OKINAWAN
KOBUDO - Weapon
Arts of the Farmer and Fishermen and JAPANESE
KOBUDO - Weapon
Arts of the Samurai.
benefits from training Kobudo on a physical, mental and spiritual level are the
same as Karate. Kobudo training develops physical fitness and positive character
traits. The study of Kobudo also works in conjunction with Karate and balances
out the Karate practitioner’s training. In ancient
times, weaponry and empty
hand techniques were, for the most part, studied together. Kobudo also teaches
how to use everyday items as self-defense weapons and the weapon itself empowers
the person using it against an attacker.